By tra


Zócalo, also known as the Plaza de la Constitución, is the main public square in Oaxaca City, the capital of the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. It is a central gathering place for locals and visitors alike and holds significant historical and cultural importance.

The history of Zócalo in Oaxaca dates back to the colonial period. During the Spanish conquest of Mexico in the 16th century, the Spanish established Oaxaca City as a colonial settlement. The city was laid out in a grid pattern, with the Zócalo serving as the central square. It was designed to be the heart of the city, surrounded by important buildings such as the Oaxaca Cathedral, the Government Palace, and the Portal de Mercaderes (Merchant’s Arcade).

The Zócalo has witnessed various historical events and has been a site for social and political gatherings throughout Oaxaca’s history. It has been a venue for celebrations, protests, and public speeches. The square played a significant role during the Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821) and subsequent political movements in Mexico.

In addition to its historical significance, Zócalo is an essential cultural hub in Oaxaca. The square is surrounded by vibrant markets, shops, restaurants, and cafes. It is a lively space where people gather to socialize, relax, and enjoy the city’s cultural activities. Many traditional festivals and parades take place in and around the Zócalo, including the famous Guelaguetza festival, which showcases Oaxacan indigenous cultures through music, dance, and traditional costumes.

Zócalo in Oaxaca is also known for its architectural beauty. The buildings surrounding the square feature a mix of architectural styles, including Baroque, Neoclassical, and Art Nouveau, reflecting the city’s rich history and cultural heritage.

Overall, Zócalo in Oaxaca is a symbol of the city’s identity and a focal point for its cultural, social, and historical life. It serves as a testament to Oaxaca’s rich heritage and continues to be a cherished gathering place for locals and tourists alike.

About the author

Tra Hitt lives in Oaxaca with his wife Rebecca, her sons, 3 cats and a vocho named Frida Vochida

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